Image of the February 2017 Wilderness Magazine Cover Read more from the
February 2017 Issue
Home / Articles / Bird Spotting

The bellbird

Female bellbird showing the white cheek stripe and its ‘wine red’ eye. Photo: Matt Winter
New Zealand’s most melodic bird can be found everywhere but the upper North Island

Bellbirds, or korimako, are the most widespread and familiar honey (nectar) eater in the South Island and are also common over much of the North Island although completely absent north of Hamilton other than on the Coromandel Peninsula. They are found in a wide range of habitats including native and exotic forest, urban parks and gardens.

Bellbirds are green with a short, curved bill, slightly forked tail and a noisy whirring, fast and direct flight. From a gender perspective, males are olive green, slightly paler on the under parts, with a head tinted purple. The females are browner with an obvious narrow white-yellow stripe across the cheek from the base of the bill and a bluish gloss on top of the head. The most distinctive feature of both sexes is the beautiful wine-red eyes.

Males are larger (and rather more bossy and aggressive) than females, weighing in at 34g with the females weighing 26g. Juveniles are similar to females but have brown eyes and lack the bluish gloss on the head.

The bellbird possesses one of the truly beautiful sounds of the New Zealand bush. The song, though it varies from region to region, is a series of three distinct sounds, resembling the chiming of bells.

The breeding season extends from September through to February. A loose nest of twigs and grasses, lined with feathers and fine grasses will be constructed in the fork of a tree under dense cover anywhere from near ground level to seven or eight metres. A typical clutch is 3-4 eggs incubated by the female (14 days). Both parents care for the young. A breeding pair return to the same territory each year and they can raise two broods in a season.

The bulk of the bellbird’s diet consists of nectar from native and introduced plants but in late summer and autumn they may take fruit and occasionally also eat insects and spiders by gleaning trunks, branches and leaves. Young birds are fed protein-rich insects almost exclusively.

Support Wilderness

Since 1991, Wilderness has had one simple goal: to help Kiwis ‘See more, do more, live more’ of New Zealand.

If you value our mission, please consider subscribing. As a loyal supporter, you’ll receive these benefits:

  • New Zealand’s best outdoor journalism We’ve won multiple awards for our journalism and magazine production.
  • NZ’s best trips. Browse more than 610 trips with downloadable maps and route notes.
  • Trustworthy gear reviews. Each month we review gear we’ve been bashing and thrashing for months so you can determine if its worth your money.
  • Web exclusives. Each week we publish stories you won’t find in the magazine. View our latest web exclusives.
  • Member benefits. Our WildCard provides discounts at more than 20 partners throughout New Zealand.
  • Your support goes a long way. Your subscription will help us fund NZ’s best outdoor journalists and writers and ensure Wilderness will be there to inspire the next generation of outdoor Kiwis.

A subscription costs as little as $7.00/month for instant access to all articles, trips, gear reviews and gear guides.

View all our subscription options and join the club.

Already a subscriber? Login Now.