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July 2011 Issue
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Hawthorns. Photo: Ben Francis

Description: Shrubs or small trees, mostly growing 5-15m tall with small red fruit clusters that look like very small apples, and (usually) thorny branches. With bright green leaves showing serrated edges.

Season: Early spring with the berries being around until the onset of winter

Fruit: The fruit contains one large stone in the middle and can be eaten raw. They are soft and squishy and bright when ripe (although variant species can be a mixture of colours from yellow to black) with a tart, slightly acidic taste vaguely resembling miniature crab apples.

Leaves: The young and tender bright green leaves make a tasty addition to spring salads. Older leaves tend to be tough and bitter.

Location: Hawthorn can be found all over the North and South Islands, more commonly in un-manicured areas of the backcountry and not usually over 900m.

Why eat them? Though unproven, some people say the haw berry aids a restful night’s sleep. They are high in tannins, flavanoids and vitamin B2 and they have been used for centuries by the Chinese in natural medicine.

Unusual tip: Haw berries can be added to a bottle of brandy along with sugar to make a lovely winter tipple. Freeze the berries to crack the skin and soak them in your brandy with a little sugar for three months.

– Ben Francis

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