Home / Articles / Skills

Climbing skills for tramping

Image of the June 2018 Wilderness Magazine Cover Read more from the
June 2018 Issue

These three simple moves help climbers scale steep rock faces, and trampers can use them to overcome small and large obstacles in their path.


This involves leaning or laying your body back as you move up. You pull on a surface with your hands (like a tree root or edge of a boulder), while your feet push against a surface. It’s called a layback because you lay or lean your body backwards or even sideways.

This allows the weight of your body to pull against your hands and push against your feet at the same time. Often there’s no platform or ledge for your feet, so when you lean back and press weight into your feet they will stay firm on the surface as your body moves up. This uses more than just gravity, but the push-pull action of your hands and feet to keep you on the surface.

Support Wilderness

Since 1991, Wilderness has had one simple goal: to help Kiwis ‘See more, do more, live more’ of New Zealand.

If you value our mission, please consider subscribing. As a loyal supporter, you’ll receive these benefits:

  • New Zealand’s best outdoor journalism We’ve won multiple awards for our journalism and magazine production.
  • NZ’s best trips. Browse more than 610 trips with downloadable maps and route notes.
  • Trustworthy gear reviews. Each month we review gear we’ve been bashing and thrashing for months so you can determine if its worth your money.
  • Web exclusives. Each week we publish stories you won’t find in the magazine. View our latest web exclusives.
  • Member benefits. Our WildCard provides discounts at more than 20 partners throughout New Zealand.
  • Your support goes a long way. Your subscription will help us fund NZ’s best outdoor journalists and writers and ensure Wilderness will be there to inspire the next generation of outdoor Kiwis.

A subscription costs as little as $7.00/month for instant access to all articles, trips, gear reviews and gear guides.

View all our subscription options and join the club.

Already a subscriber? Login Now.

Bridging is useful on tracks that have lots of large tree trunks, downed logs or boulders and rocks. Photo: Megan Sety


This is when you press your hands and feet on surfaces at your side or even behind you, to push your body up. This technique is particularly useful on tracks that have lots of large tree trunks, downed logs or boulders and rocks. In most cases, the surface that is pressed on is at your side or behind you. Bridging also works well when going down by pushing out sideways and lowering yourself.

When smearing, keep your heel lifted to put pressure on the ball of your foot. Photo: Tony Gazley


Smearing is useful when the surface is slippery, or the rock is too steep for a flat foot. Get as much of the front of your boot into or onto the step as possible and keep your heel lifted to put extra pressure on the ball of your foot. As you step up, keep lifting your heel.